Chapter 1: Knitting Fundamentals – 

Your Journey Begins Here

Welcome to the world of knitting! In this first chapter of The Morris and Sons Knitting Encyclopedia, we will lay the foundation for your knitting journey by exploring the fundamental techniques and tools you need to get started.


 Section 1:

 Knitting Essentials


The Yarn:

Before we dive into the actual knitting process, let’s talk about yarn. Yarn is the building block of any knitting project, and choosing the right yarn is crucial. We’ll guide you through different yarn weights, fiber types, and their characteristics, ensuring you make informed decisions when selecting yarn for your projects.



The Needles:

Next up, let’s explore the various types of knitting needles. From straight to circular needles, each type has its advantages and best-suited projects. We’ll help you understand the differences between them and give you insights into choosing the right needle size for your yarn.

Additional Tools:

Apart from yarn and needles, there are a few other tools that will come in handy during your knitting journey. We’ll introduce you to stitch markers, tapestry needles, stitch holders, and other essential accessories that will make your knitting experience more enjoyable and efficient.

Section 2: Casting On – The First Stitch

Long-Tail Cast On:

Now it’s time to start knitting! The long-tail cast-on method is one of the most commonly used techniques to begin your knitting projects. We’ll break down the steps and provide detailed instructions on how to create a sturdy foundation row with this versatile cast-on method.

Knit Stitch:

Once you have your first row cast on, it’s time to learn the basic knit stitch. We’ll guide you through each motion, from inserting the needle to creating a smooth and even knit stitch. With our step-by-step instructions, you’ll be knitting your first rows in no time!

Purl Stitch:

The purl stitch is a fundamental stitch that adds texture and versatility to your knitting projects. We’ll show you how to create this stitch and explain the differences between the knit and purl stitches. With practice, you’ll be able to combine these two stitches to create beautiful patterns and designs.

Section 3: Binding Off – Finishing Your Project

Basic Bind Off:

Finishing your project with a clean and secure edge is essential. We’ll teach you the basic bind-off technique, which ensures your stitches are securely closed. You’ll learn how to cast off your stitches while maintaining an even tension, resulting in a professional-looking finish.

Weaving in Ends:

No one likes loose ends! We’ll show you how to neatly weave in loose yarn ends to give your finished projects a polished look. This technique will ensure that your hard work stays intact and withstands the test of time.

Congratulations! You’ve completed the first chapter of The Morris and Sons Knitting Encyclopedia. By mastering these fundamental techniques, you’re well on your way to becoming a skilled knitter. In the next chapter, we’ll explore more advanced stitches and patterns that will take your knitting skills to new heights. Happy knitting!


Choosing the Perfect Knitting Yarn

Are you excited to embark on your next knitting project, but finding yourself a bit overwhelmed by the vast and diverse array of yarn options available? No need to fret, my dear friend! We completely understand how choosing the right yarn can be a daunting task, as it can truly make a world of difference in the outcome of your finished creation. Fear not, for we are here to lend a helping hand and guide you through the magnificent world of knitting yarns with our comprehensive and informative guide.

Let’s start by delving into the basics of knitting yarn. 

Yarn, my friend, is an absolutely marvelous textile crafted from a wide variety of fibers, ranging from the cozy and warm animal-based fibers such as sheep’s wool, mohair, and angora, to the elegant and graceful plant-based fibers like cotton, hemp, and silk. And let us not forget about the ever-versatile synthetic fibers such as polyester, nylon, and rayon, each offering their own unique qualities and characteristics. These marvelous fibers are skillfully spun together to form thicker strands, which are commonly referred to as plies. It is important to note that the number of plies within a yarn can greatly influence its overall feel, as well as its stitch definition.

Now, let us dive into the captivating realm of yarn weight categories. You see, dear friend, yarns are categorized into different weights based on their thickness. While this may initially seem like a complex concept, fear not! We shall break it down for you in a friendly and approachable manner:

  • Category 0: Lace (Approximately Equivalent to 1 Ply) Ah, lace weight yarn! This ethereal and delicate category is absolutely perfect for exquisitely intricate projects such as delicate doilies, enchanting lace designs, and breathtakingly intricate shawls. Just remember to handle it with utmost care to avoid any potential tangling or breakage.

  • Categories 1, 2, and 3: Super Fine, Fine, and Light (Approximately Equivalent to 2 to 5 Ply) These charming yarn categories are ideal for crafting small and delicate treasures such as dainty socks, cozy gloves, charming hats, and adorable garments for precious little ones. You may also come across these categories being referred to as sport weight or fine yarns.

  • Category 4: Medium (Approximately Equivalent to 8 to 10 Ply) Ah, the ever-popular worsted weight category! This versatile and widely loved category serves as a go-to choice for knitters of all skill levels. With its superb stitch definition and impeccable versatility, worsted weight yarn is simply perfect for creating an array of delightful items such as cozy sweaters, fashionable scarves, snug hats, and marvelous mittens.

  • Categories 5 and 6: Bulky and Super Bulky (Approximately Equivalent to 12 to 14 Ply) When you find yourself yearning for something delightfully chunky and quick to work up, dear friend, these marvelous yarn categories are here to satisfy your desires! With their heavier weight and luxurious thickness, bulky and super bulky yarns are perfect for crafting cozy and snug scarves, warm and inviting throws, and sumptuously comforting blankets. Beginners will particularly delight in these categories, as they offer quick results and a sense of accomplishment. Meanwhile, experienced knitters will revel in the endless possibilities that these yarns present, allowing their creativity to soar to new heights.

Now that we have covered the various yarn weights in our friendly guide, let us venture further into the captivating world of common yarn fibers:

  • Wool: Ah, wool! Derived from the fleece of sheep, wool is undoubtedly one of the most beloved and accessible yarn choices. With its reasonable price point and excellent durability, wool is an absolute joy to work with. Additionally, wool possesses remarkable moisture resistance properties, making it an ideal choice for a wide range of projects. Available in a stunning array of colors that will surely ignite your creativity, it is worth noting that wool may develop small balls of fiber on its surface over time. To preserve its beauty and integrity, it is generally recommended to gently hand wash woolen creations.

  • Mohair: Ah, mohair! This splendidly fluffy fiber is renowned for its luxurious texture and ability to add an element of elegance to any knitting project. Mohair possesses exceptional warmth and boasts a soft sheen that is simply enchanting. However, achieving defined stitches can prove to be a tad challenging due to its inherent fluffiness. It is not uncommon for mohair to be blended with other fibers such as silk or wool to add extra weight and structure to the yarn. While mohair is considered low-allergenic for most individuals, it is important to note that some may experience itchiness when working with this magnificent fiber. As such, dry cleaning or gentle machine washing is typically advised.

  • Cotton: Ah, cotton! This natural plant-based fiber holds a special place in the hearts of many knitters. Renowned for its smooth texture and exceptional ability to showcase intricate stitchwork with unparalleled grace, cotton yarn is truly a delight to work with. Cotton possesses a lovely drape that adds an elegant touch to any finished project. However, it lacks elasticity and can occasionally prove to be slightly prone to splitting during knitting. The good news is that most cotton yarns are machine washable, adding further convenience to your knitting endeavors.

And fear not, my dear friend, for our friendly guide continues…


Choosing the Perfect Yarn for Your Knitting Projects


When embarking on a new knitting project, one of the key aspects to consider is choosing the right yarn. However, deciphering the information provided on yarn labels can sometimes be a daunting task. To help you make an informed decision, it is essential to understand the various details and specifications listed on the label.

Firstly, take a look at the fiber content section of the label. Here, you will find valuable information about the composition of the yarn, including the different types of fibers used and their respective percentages. This knowledge is crucial as it will give you an idea of the yarn’s characteristics and performance. For instance, a yarn that contains a higher percentage of wool will typically be warm and insulating, while a blend of cotton and acrylic may offer breathability and durability.

Next, pay attention to the weight category mentioned on the label. This classification indicates the overall thickness or thickness range of the yarn. It helps you determine if the yarn is suitable for your intended project. The weight category is usually denoted by a number or name, such as lace, fingering, sport, DK (double knitting), worsted, or bulky. Additionally, some labels may also mention the ply count, which refers to the number of strands twisted together to create the yarn. Understanding these weight and ply specifications will guide you in selecting the right yarn for achieving your desired stitch definition and drape.

Another crucial detail on the label is the amount of yarn provided. This can be indicated either by its total length (in yards or meters) or weight (in ounces or grams). Knowing the amount of yarn available is essential for calculating how much you will need for your project and ensuring you purchase enough to complete it without running out. It is always better to have a little extra than to fall short in the middle of your knitting journey.

Care instructions are another vital aspect mentioned on yarn labels. These instructions provide guidance on how to properly care for and maintain your finished knitted garment. They outline important information such as whether the yarn is machine washable or should be hand washed, how to dry it (laying flat or hanging), and whether it can be ironed or not. Following these care instructions will help prolong the life and beauty of your knitted creations.

The suggested needle size and gauge information on the label are valuable guides for achieving optimal results with your chosen yarn. The recommended needle size indicates the size of knitting needles that are best suited for working with the yarn. This information ensures that your stitches are neither too loose nor too tight, resulting in a well-balanced fabric. Additionally, the gauge measurement provides insight into how many stitches and rows should be worked over a specific measurement, typically 4 inches (10 cm). Achieving the recommended gauge is crucial for ensuring that your finished project matches the intended dimensions and proportions.

Lastly, pay attention to the dye lot number mentioned on the label. This number signifies the batch or dyeing process of the yarn. When buying multiple balls or skeins of yarn for a single project, it is essential to ensure that all of them have matching dye lot numbers. This will help avoid any subtle color variations that may occur between different dye lots. Consistency in dye lot numbers ensures that your final knitted garment has a uniform appearance throughout.

In conclusion, when selecting yarn for your knitting projects, consider all the relevant information provided on the label. Take into account factors such as fiber content, weight category, amount, care instructions, suggested needle size and gauge, and dye lot numbers. By carefully assessing these details, you can confidently choose a yarn that best suits your project’s requirements and brings your creative vision to life. So whether you’re crafting a pair of cozy winter mittens with sturdy merino wool or creating a luxurious loopy rosette scarf with sumptuously soft mohair, armed with this knowledge, you’ll be able to find the perfect knitting yarn that will elevate your creation into something truly special and unique.